Learner dynamics in a model of wug inflection: integrating frequency and phonology
- Stella Frank, Centre for Language Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
- Kenny Smith, Centre for Language Evolution, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
- Christine Cuskley, School of English Language, Literature, and Liguistics, Newcastle University, Newcastle, United Kingdom
AbstractA recent large-scale wug-task study found that non-native speakers of English tend to produce fewer regular past-tense -ed inflections than native speakers (Cuskley et al., 2015). In this paper we present a model that can account for this difference in behaviour as resulting from a difference in input amounts and distributions. This model attends to both frequency, using Bayesian non-parametric methods, and phonological similarity between words, using a neural model of word forms, and unifies these factors within a single probabilistic framework. We show that the general pattern of over-use of irregular inflections in non-native speakers can result simply from exposure to a smaller amount of input and does not require any model-internal distinction of natives and non-native speakers. Our model also captures the interaction between class frequency and phonological similarity that was evident across all participant productions.
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